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Glossary of Terms

federal reserve

the u.s. federal reserve bank (the ‘fed’) is one of 12 regional federal reserve banks in the united states of america that collectively maintain reserves, issue bank notes and lend money to member banks. the federal board of governors oversees the reserve banks, establishes monetary policy and monitors the economic health of the country.

fibonacci

thirteenth century mathematician who developed a non linear number sequence in which each two consecutive numbers are added to arrive at the next number in the sequence. the fibonacci series is 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, 55, 89, etc. one of the ways traders use the numbers is in the parameters of technical indicators. fibonacci ratios are calculated by dividing a number by previous numbers and subsequent numbers. traders use the ratios for calculating potential retracement levels, price objectives, and time and price squaring.

fiscal policy

decisions by the president and congress relating to economic policy - including tax, welfare payments and government expenditure - with the goals of full employment, price stability and economic growth.

fixed interest

a set interest rate which produces a fixed flow of income, utilized in such financial instruments as bonds, annuities and preference or preferred shares.

float

the process of putting a company’s shares on offer to the public.

fundamental analysis

analysis of a security which takes into consideration balance sheet analysis, profit and loss fundamentals, management, the nature of business and other such items.

futures

a term used to designate all contracts covering the purchase and sale of financial instruments or physical commodities for future delivery on a commodity futures exchange.

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