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Glossary of Terms

takeover

acquiring control of a company by purchasing shares so as to gain a controlling interest. a takeover could be hostile or friendly.

technical analysis

analysis of a security which looks at the technical - the charting patterns and technical indicators - to form an opinion about historical and future price trends.

theoretical value

the theoretical value of an option is generated by a mathematical model. the model uses prevailing interest rates, characteristics of the underlying security, and certain assumptions about the terms of the option to arrive at the theoretical value.

tiger economies

a term for asian economies that have achieved rapid growth and industrialization, such as hong kong and singapore.

time value

the portion of the option premium that is attributable to the amount of time remaining until the expiration of the option contract. time value is whatever value the option has in addition to its intrinsic value.

top-down forecasting

an investment strategy which begins with forecasting broad macroeconomic trends, assessing their impact on industries and then searches for the best companies within the most favorable industries. the opposite of bottom-up analysis.

total collateral value

the total market value of all marginable securities

tracking error

the amount by which the performance of an actual portfolio differs from that of the benchmark representative market index.

trade-weighted index (twi)

a weighted index that measures the value of a country’s currency in relation to those of its major trading partners. the weighting takes into account the volume of trade conducted between a country and its trading partners.

trading pin

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trend

the general direction of price movements over a period of time.

turnover

for investment portfolios, this is the rate at which securities within a portfolio are exchanged for other securities of the same class. for financial markets it is the level of trading that occurs.

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